The Liquidity
Way of Investing

The global economy is akin to a rain forest with countless species interacting with and dependent on each another.

Remove one and you begin a chain reaction with unintended or knowable consequences. Small economic influences converge into larger global trends and links the entire global structure into one dependent chain system.

This is why we need to see the flow of capital between all players for analysis of the whole complex global system and not just subset of parts of the economies.

Pinetree Macro was set up with an objective of adding true geographical diversification to the investor portfolios.

The team is a firm believer that ‘capital flows’ as a result of monetary and/or fiscal policy changes; creates fundamental narrative across asset classes and geographies.

The firm backs a ‘Active Asset Allocation’ strategy using US listed ETFs/ETNs guided by an objective to deliver absolute return with focus on low volatility & minimal drawdowns.

Why Pinetree?

Unlike other trees, a Pine Tree does not lose their foliage throughout the year.

Pine trees do not lose their foliage during winters, keep houses away from heat during summers and their deep roots help hold the soil in place; thereby preventing erosion.

Similarly, an efficient portfolio is the one that sails through summers of market volatility; without any significant erosion to the capital and is able to fathom and navigate through global asset allocations.

The Liquidity Way of Investing

The strategy we back tracks Global liquidity (G-7 Central banks) and invests based on direction/duration of capital flows. Money flows are critical to financial markets; geopolitics are important but they aren’t the main driver of asset markets over the medium term.

By liquidity we don’t mean the money supplies; but, it’s a whole set of money flows or funding flows i.e., credit that re-finances the whole economic system.

Market Returns Based on Liquidity

Easing Global Liquidity and its impact on US Equity markets

Easing Global Liquidity and its impact on World Equity markets

The chart above shows result of how liquidity drives markets. The blue line buys S&P 500 or the World Stock index, as the case may be when net liquidity has increased in the past month and goes to cash when liquidity has tightened. The green line does the opposite.

Strong divergence starts appearing from 2012 onwards when global central banks started using their balance sheets to target asset prices.

Core Strategy


Focus on Global Liquidity Flows


Top Down / Macro Driven Strategy


Global Asset Allocation Fund


Using US listed ETFs/ETNs/Stocks as Primary Investment


Low Volatility Using Cash Opportunistically


Absolute Return Strategy With Focus on Minimizing Drawdown

Liquidity Movement Over the Past Decade

1985 - 1992


1995 Plaza accord wherein explicit dollar depreciation was announced with capital moving to Japan in research of returns making Japanese Real Estate and Japan Equity markets as biggest beneficiary.

1990 - 1997

Emerging Markets

As the Gulf war started, the US Fed eased monetary policy again and the Dollar started depreciating. Capital moved into Emerging Markets and inflated asset prices creating a bubble which finally culminated into the Asian crisis in 1997.

1998 - 2000

Dot Com Bubble

Bursting of EM bubble and LTCM crisis led to Fed easing policy rates again for a short period. This time the beneficiary were Tech stocks which got the added benefit of Y2k related excess liquidity thereby inflating their valuations.

2000 - 2010

Emerging Markets

Y2K Tech bubble bust + Sept 9/11 crash led to Fed easing again. This co-incided with China’s entry into WTO which led to the beginning to capital & production moving to Emerging economies like China.

2010 - 2020

United States

Post GFC, Fed eased rates but dollar retained its strength due to rising shale oil production. This decade was characterized by growth in US GDP and Equity as capital moved to US growth stocks.

2020 - ?

? ? ?

US is energy independent and will slowly look at vacating the role of global reserve currency as it is not in their interest anymore, but no nation is ready to step into the shoes of US. Will this lead to a multi polar world?

Past Performance of the Investment Manager



Performance since inception (Aug'2022 - Oct'2023)


Max Drawdown


Pinetree in News

The major thing we look at is liquidity as a combination of an economic overview and how the Fed is responding to that economic situation.
Stanley Druckenmiller | 1998

Stan Druckenmiller and George Soros famously broke the bank of England when they shorted British pound sterling in 1992, reputedly making more than $1 bn in profits, in an event known as Black Wednesday